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You searched for: mediatype:audio AND collection:audio_religion AND subject:"Early Christianity"
[audio]Podcast 3.8: Jewish Followers of Jesus, part 2 - Pseudo-Clement - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to explore Jewish followers of Jesus by examining key passages in an apocryphal novel attributed to Clement of Rome, also known as the Pseudo-Clementine writings. In particular, an opening letter claiming to be written by Peter to James and the story of Peter's debates with Simon Magus (a cipher for Paul) provide glimpses into struggles between Jewish followers of Jesus and others, including Pauline forms of Christianity...
Keywords: early Christianity; pseudo-clementine; apocrypha; paul; peter; bible; new testament; early christianity; christian origins; judaism
Downloads: 12,896
[audio]Podcast 1.1: Paul in his own words - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode on Paul and his communities, we look at autobiographical statements by Paul as a way of introducing Paul and his letters from an historical perspective. This is part of series one (Paul and his Communities) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast. (Episode re-edited and improved January 29, 2009.)
Keywords: history, early christianity, new testament, apostle paul; religion; ancient history; early christianity; ancient religions
Downloads: 23,810
[audio]Podcast 2.6: Luke's Portrait of Jesus - Prophet Elijah (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as a prophet like Elijah, which also entails presenting Jesus as a saviour to the poor and marginalized of society (part 1 of 2). In this first part, I provide some important background for understanding this two volume work, Luke-Acts, both as ancient biography and as ancient history-writing.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; gospel of luke; gospels; jesus; ancient history; christian origins; early christianity
Downloads: 14,665
[audio]Podcast 3.9: Marcionites and the Unknown God - Philip A. Harland
Here I explore Marcionite forms of Christianity, which contrast significantly to the Judean forms discussed in the previous episode. Followers of Marcion believed that the legalistic God of the Hebrew Bible was to be distinguished from the loving, unknown Father-God who sent Jesus, and that Law was opposed to Gospel. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: marcion; heresies; diversity; early Christianity; christian origins; ancient history
Downloads: 13,495
[audio]Podcast 3.2: A Schism in John's Community, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to delve into the opponents in John's epistles (part 2 of 2). These epistles provide evidence of an early Christian schism over how to view Jesus' humanity. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; bible; new testament; heresies; christian origins
Downloads: 13,050
[audio]Podcast 3.1: Introduction to Diversity - A Schism in John's Community, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
Here I delve into the issue of diversity in early Christianity by using the opponents in John's epistles as a starting point (part 1 of 2). These epistles provide evidence of an early Christian schism over how to view Jesus' humanity. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; New Testament; Bible; Gospel of John; Epistles; history
Downloads: 14,291 5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars(1 review)
[audio]Podcast 1.3: Paul's response to Jesus-followers at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland
This third episode looks at Paul's response to followers of Jesus at Thessalonica, including his attempt to comfort these socially dislocated Christians, his use of familial language to build up their identity, and his use of praising (demonstrative) rhetoric. It also begins to consider Paul as an apocalyptic Judean. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; judaism; new testament; 1 thessalonians; apostle paul; early christianity; history; christian origins; New Testament; apostle Paul; 1 Thessalonians; Greco-Roman world; Christian origins; Judaism; apocalypticism
Downloads: 18,251
[audio]Podcast 1.8: Paul's response to the Galatians - Philip A. Harland
This second episode on Paul's letter to the Galatians looks at Paul's response to the situation involving opponents that were advocating circumcision. I discuss the apocalyptic rationale behind Paul's notion that circumcision was not an entrance requirement for Gentiles to belong to the Jesus groups. In the process, I also begin to deal with Paul's complicated positions regarding the Torah (the law) and its relation to non-Judeans...
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman religions; apostle paul; galatia; judaism
Downloads: 15,377
[audio]Podcast 2.2: Mark's portrait of Jesus - Suffering Son (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I consider how Jesus is portrayed in the narrative of the gospel of Mark, namely as the secretive and suffering Son of God (part 1 of 2). I discuss Mark's use of literary irony in connection with the secrecy issue and cover critical points at which Jesus' identity comes to the fore in this ancient biography written for a Gentile (non-Judean) audience. This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is con...
Keywords: Jesus; Gospels; early christianity; christian origins; bible; new testament; ancient history; gospel of mark
Downloads: 15,326
[audio]Podcast 1.4: Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This fourth episode is part one of three that look at the followers of Jesus at Corinth through Paul's letter known as 1 Corinthians in the New Testament. After discussing the city of Corinth, I go on to consider the history of Paul's interactions with these Christians, which was characterized by rocky relations. Then we delve into the situation among the Corinthians that led Paul to write his letter, primarily the issue of social and religious divisions within the Jesus groups at Corinth (in 1 ...
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; apostle paul; 1 corinthians; corinth; greco-roman world; judaism; ancient history
Downloads: 18,293
[audio]Podcast 2.5: Matthew's portrait of Jesus - New Moses (part 2) - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue the discussion of Matthew's portrait of Jesus as the new David and new Moses (part 2 of 2). I also delve into tensions between the Matthean community and other groups of Judeans in the late first century. This is part of series 2 ("Early Christian portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; new testament; matthew; gospels; jesus; ancient history
Downloads: 13,908
[audio]Podcast 2.1 Introduction to the Gospels as Portraits of Jesus - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss some introductory issues regarding the gospels, including their status as ancient biographies or portraits of Jesus and the literary relationships among the synoptic gospels. This sets the stage for an historical and literary study of portraits of Jesus in Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: Jesus; early christianity; ancient biographies; gospels; synoptic gospels; ancient history; christian origins
Downloads: 17,191 4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars(1 review)
[audio]Podcast 1.5: Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This fifth episode continues discussion of the situation at Corinth as reflected in chapters 6-15 of 1 Corinthians, dealing with problems that arose due to the socially superior position of some Corinthian Christians and the spiritually superior claims of others. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; 1 corinthians; christian origins; greco-roman religion; judaism
Downloads: 16,851
[audio]Podcast 3.10: Introducing Gnostic Worldviews - Philip A. Harland
Here I set the stage for the study of specific Nag Hammadi and related writings by outlining in broad terms some common denominators or assumptions in the range of worldviews traditionally labeled "gnostic". This includes discussion of the Middle Platonic assumptions of many authors. I also deal with the importance of knowledge (gnosis) in the understanding of how salvation from the material realm, which was created by an inferior god, takes place...
Keywords: early christianity; ancient history; gnosticism; gnostic; christian origins; plato; platonic philosophy; nag hammadi
Downloads: 15,008
[audio]Podcast 1.9: Paul and the situation at Rome - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation at Rome in the mid-first century that led Paul to write the letter to the Romans, now in the New Testament. In particular, I delve into the purposes in Paul writing and his focus on what he sees as ethnic divisions between Greeks and Judeans in the groups of Jesus-followers. It appears that certain Greek or Gentile followers of Jesus were looking down upon Judean Jesus-followers who were concerned with following the law, including avoidance of foods associated...
Keywords: early Christianity; bible; new testament; apostle paul; romans; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 15,122
[audio]Podcast 2.7: Luke's Portrait of Jesus - Prophet Elijah (part 2) - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss how the gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as a prophet like Elijah, which also entails presenting Jesus as a saviour to the poor and marginalized of society (part 1 of 2).
Keywords: gospels; jesus; early christianity; new testament; bible; gospel of luke; ancient history
Downloads: 13,692
[audio]Podcast 3.4: Docetic and Judaizing Opponents of Ignatius, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I conclude the discussion of Ignatius by discussing his Judaizing opponents, who advocated certain Jewish beliefs and practices. I also deal with Ignatius' strategies in combating groups he considered heretical. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; new testament; bible; ignatius of antioch; heresies; history
Downloads: 13,137
[audio]Podcast 3.5: Diversity in Asia Minor - A Regional Case Study - Philip A. Harland
Here I use the region of Asia Minor (Turkey) as a case study that allows me to outline various strands and styles within Christianity in the first and second centuries. I then go on to outline our approach to studying the worldviews and practices of Christian groups and "heresies" in the second and third centuries. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; paul; history; ancient history; religion
Downloads: 13,341
[audio]Podcast 1.10: Paul's response to the Romans - Philip A. Harland
This episode considers Paul's response to the ethnic divisions that existed among groups of Jesus-followers at Rome. Here I discuss Paul's main arguments regarding the equally condemnable and equally save-able status of both Judeans and Greeks (or Gentiles), as well as Paul's view that "all Israel will be saved". This series is part of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; bible; new testament; apostle paul; romans; greco-roman religion; ancient history; history
Downloads: 15,868
[audio]Podcast 2.9: John's Portrait of Jesus - Son and Word (part 2) - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss how the gospel of John portrays Jesus as both the Word of God and the Son sent by the Father (part 2 of 2).
Keywords: jesus; bible; new testament; gospels; gospel of John; ancient history; early christianity; christian origins
Downloads: 14,000
[audio]Podcast 2.8: John's Portrait of Jesus - Son and Word (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the gospel of John portrays Jesus as both the Word of God and the Son sent by the Father. I also deal with this gospel's stress on the importance of "signs" pointing to Jesus' identity and the way in which Jesus ("Lamb of God") is viewed as a fulfillment of Jewish festivals, especially Passover (part 1 of 2).
Keywords: new testament; bible; gospels; gospel of John; early Christianity; Christian origins; ancient history; Jesus
Downloads: 14,228
[audio]Podcast 3.3: Docetic and Judaizing Opponents of Ignatius - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss two main groups of opponents combated by Ignatius of Antioch in his letters to followers of Jesus in Asia Minor (Turkey): Docetic and Judaizing opponents (part 1 of 2). This episode introduces Ignatius (who wrote in the early second century) and explains the position of his docetic opponents, who thought that Jesus only appeared to be human when in fact he was a divine being. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of...
Keywords: early Christianity; heresies; new testament; bible; apostolic fathers; ignatius of antioch; christian origins; docetism; gnosticism
Downloads: 13,622
[audio]Podcast 2.4: Matthew's portrait of Jesus - New Moses (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the very Judean portrait of Jesus as the new David and new Moses in the Gospel of Matthew (part 1 of 2). This illustrates well the ways in which ancient biographical writers, including the gospel authors, shaped portraits of the main character using specific types of the past or stereotypes. This is part of series 2 ("Early Christian portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; church history; gospels; matthew; judaism; ancient history
Downloads: 15,108
[audio]Podcast 1.7: Paul and the situation in Galatia - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation in Galatia that led Paul to write his letter in the mid-first century (part 1 of 2). After Paul left this region of Asia Minor, certain leaders of the Jesus movement had passed through and discovered Gentiles (non-Judeans) who were not circumcized, despite the fact they thought they belonged to this Judean (Jewish) movement. Here I explore the rationale of these opponents of Paul who advocated circumcision as an entrance requirement into the movement and as a ...
Keywords: new testament; apostle paul; galatia; galatians; bible; early christianity; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; ancient mediterranean; jesus movement
Downloads: 15,394
[audio]Podcast 3.7: Jewish Followers of Jesus, part 1 - Ebionites - Philip A. Harland
Beginning with James the brother of Jesus and the Jerusalem church, here I trace evidence for Judean followers of Jesus and discuss their gradual marginalization. In particular, I focus attention on Jewish-Christian groups that the patristic sources (e.g. Irenaeus, Epiphanius) label "the Ebionites", or "poor ones". This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; judaism; ancient history; ebionites; james the just; new testament; bible; church fathers; irenaeus
Downloads: 13,923
[audio]Podcast 3.6: Sources for the Study of Diversity - Gnostic, Apocryphal, Patristic - Philip A. Harland
Here I sketch out our main sources for the study of diverse Christian groups or "heresies" in the second and third centuries, including discussion of the early Christian Apocrypha, the Nag Hammadi writings, and the Church Fathers, or patristic writings. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; apocrypha; nag hammadi; gnosticism; gnostic; church fathers; patristic; new testament; christian origins; bible; ancient history
Downloads: 13,102
[audio]Podcast 1.6 Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 3 - Philip A. Harland
This episode concludes the discussion of followers of Jesus at Corinth with a focus on Paul's response to the situation (in 1 Corinthians). Here we see Paul's education in Greco-Roman methods of rhetoric or argumentation. Paul's arguments for unity and against divisions provide a clear example of deliberative rhetoric, comparable to political speeches by the likes of Dio Chrysostom. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podc...
Keywords: early christianity; new testament; 1 corinthians; apostle paul; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; dio chrysostom; deliberative rhetoric; bible
Downloads: 15,239
[audio]Podcast 1.11: Legacies of Paul - Women's leadership, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode look at legacies and interpretations of Paul after his death. In particular, I use several letters written in the name of Paul (the Pastoral epistles) and a novelistic story about Paul and a woman named Thecla (Acts of Paul and Thecla) as a window into debates about leadership of women in groups of Jesus-followers in the second century. These diverging portraits of Paul can be better understood against the background of Greek and Roman criticisms of certain early C...
Keywords: early christianity; bible; christian origins; new testament; thecla; acts of paul and thecla; pastoral epistles; 1 timothy; titus; apostle paul; greco-roman religions; ancient history; history
Downloads: 15,731
[audio]Podcast 1.2: The Situation at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland
This second episode looks at the situation among followers of Jesus at Thessalonica in Macedonia in the mid-first century. Considering the ethnic and social makeup of the earliest Christians, this episode also discusses two main problems faced by these followers of Jesus: “afflictions” and the death of fellow-followers of Jesus. This prepares the way for episode three, which will look at how Paul responds to this situation in his letter, known as 1 Thessalonians in the New Testament...
Keywords: history, Christianity, early christianity, christian origins, new testament, judaism, apostle paul, greco-roman world; Paul; Thessalonica; 1 Thessalonians; New Testament; Christian origins
Downloads: 19,867
[audio]Podcast 1.12: Legacies of Paul - Women's leadership, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This final episode in series 1 concludes the discussion of the Acts of Paul and Thecla in relation to the Pastoral epistles, addressing the ways in which Paul was used within debates about womens' leadership in second century groups of Jesus-followers. This is the final episode in series 1. Series 2 will take an historical and literary look at the gospels in terms of "Portraits of Jesus in Early Christianity"...
Keywords: early Christianity; history; Christian origins; new Testament; bible; acts of paul and thecla; pastoral epistles; 1 timothy; 2 timothy; titus; women; greco-roman society; ancient history; roman empire
Downloads: 15,320
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